Facts About Sierra Blanca, Texas
Sierra Blanca is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Hudspeth County, Texas, in the United States. The town is part of the Trans-Pecos region of far western Texas. The town is located northeast of the Mexican border and is within the Mountain Time Zone. As of the 2010 census, the population was 553. The town was founded in 1881 at the completion point of a long-sought southern transcontinental railway. Sierra Blanca has served as the junction of the Southern Pacific and Missouri Pacific railroads. Hudspeth County was formed in 1917 from El Paso County. Sierra Blanca was named the county seat, and has the only adobe courthouse in the state of Texas.
Sierra Blanca is found in Far West Texas, a subdivision of West Texas, and is located at 31°10′55″N 105°20′27″W (31.182009, -105.340843) 4,520 feet (1,380 m) above sea level. The town is part of the Trans-Pecos region within the most mountainous and arid portion of Texas. The town is located in Hudspeth County which is large and sparsely populated. Sierra Blanca (White Mountain), at an elevation over 7,000 feet (2,100 m) above sea level, towers over the town to the northwest and is the most prominent mountain peak of the surrounding mountainous terrain. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.4 km²), of which 4.7 square miles (12.3 km²) are land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²), or 0.52%, are water. Soil in the surrounding area is mostly non-arable and cannot sustain large-scale farming. Due to the high altitude of the town, it has a cooler climate than other areas of the Chihuahuan Desert.
As of the 2010 census, the population was 553, 172 households, and 126 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 116.0 people per square mile (50.6/km²). There were 227 housing units at an average density of 55.8 per square mile (21.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 83.91% White, 3.44% Native American, 3.25% Black, 1.45% Asian, 7.96% from other races, and 3.56% from two or more races. Latino of any race were 72.61% of the population. There were 172 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.72% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.31.
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